Here’s a look at some interesting events that took place on this day in history:

1801 – The electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is broken by the House of Representatives, which elected Jefferson president (More info)

1820 – The US Senate passes the Missouri Compromise, an attempt to deal with the dangerously divisive issue of extending slavery into the western territories (More info)

1904 – Puccini’s opera Madame Butterfly premieres at the La Scala theatre in Milan, Italy (More info)

1933 – Newsweek magazine is published for the first time (More info)

1972 – The 15,007,034th Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line, breaking a world production record held for more than four decades by Ford’s iconic Model T and becoming the best selling car on the planet (More info)