Spring forward, fall back. That's the way most people remember what to do when we change to and from Daylight Saving Time; however, figuring out when to make the change is a little more difficult.

This year, Daylight Saving Time officially ends on Sunday, November 3rd at 2:00 a.m., when we move the clocks back by 1 hour and go back to Standard Time.  As a convenience, most people traditionally change their clocks before they go to bed on Saturday night; however as we have become more technology dependent, there are fewer clocks to change in the spring and fall. Most clocks today are connected to the internet so they change automatically. Still, there are plenty of clocks that hang on the wall and live inside your car, that still need to be physically changed.

Some DST Background

Daylight Saving Time was enacted to save energy and cut down on crime. Benjamin Franklin is considered the 'Father of DST' as he first proposed the concept in 1784, according to David Prerau, author of "Seize the Daylight: The Curious and Contentious Story of Daylight Saving Time" (Thunder's Mouth Press, 2005). Franklin concluded that the world would save energy if the daylight hours were an hour earlier according to official time. The concept was that people would spend more time outside and use less resources to light up their homes. Even today, the science community argues over whether or not DST saves energy.

Germany was the first country to adopt DST as a way to conserve fuel during World War I. In the United States, communities decided whether or not to adopt the time change and as a result, there was mayhem as some counties in a given state would abide by the concept and others did not. This caused a major confusion as times were different as people traveled across county lines.  In 1966, Congress enacted the Uniform Time Act which required that each individual state would determine if they would follow Daylight Saving Time, and it required that the entire state had to follow the protocol. Today, two states, Arizona and Hawaii don't participate in the time saving measure. The time change used to be shorter until Congress voted to move up the date back in 2007. Since then, DST begins on the second Sunday in March and ends on the first Sunday in November.

On Sunday, November 3rd, sunrise will be at 6:38 a.m. and will set at 4:50 p.m.. We'll have 10 hours and 12 minutes of official daylight time. The shortest day of 2019 will be on December 21st. Sunrise will be at 7:30 a.m. and sunset will be at 4:29 p.m.. The amount of sunlight on the 21st is 8 hours and 59 minutes.  Daylight Saving Time will return on Sunday, March 8, 2020.

For the record, Daylight Saving Time obviously doesn't give us more daylight hours in a given day. It simply is intended to place the daylight hours at a more convenient time of the day, based on when people traditionally go to bed and wake up in the morning.