The Latest on the Group of 20 summit in Rome:

ROME — French President Emmanuel Macron said Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison lied to him while he was secretly negotiating a submarine deal with the United States and Britain.  Answering a reporter's question about whether he thinks Morrison lied to him, Macron replied, "I don't think, I know" he lied.

Australia last month canceled a multi-billion dollar contract to buy diesel-electric French submarines and instead decided to acquire U.S. nuclear-powered submarines. The decision was part of an Indo-Pacific pact between Australia, Britain and the U.S.
The pact, known as AUKUS, infuriated France, which recalled its ambassadors to the U.S and Australia over the lost deal.

Macron and Morrison talked on Thursday for the first time since Australia canceled the French submarine contract. They were both in Rome for the Group of 20 nations summit but did not hold a bilateral meeting.
ROME — French President Emmanuel Macron called the Group of 20 summit in Rome "a success" that delivered results, especially on climate change issues, "despite many division" between nations.

Macron said the two-day summit provided an opportunity "to revive convergence" among the world's largest economies ahead of the much larger United Nations climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland that got underway as the G-20 meeting ended on Sunday.

The French leader acknowledged that more efforts are needed to reach the goal set in the 2015 Paris climate accord of holding the global average increase in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius ( 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-industrial times.  "Now, all the work will focus on getting additional efforts from China, from other emerging countries, from Russia, in order to keep going in the right direction," Macron said.
"Indeed, we must get the G-20 economies to do more on the coal energy in their country's energy mix. That's the next step," he added. "We didn't reach it here...That was not realistic."
ROME — U.S. first lady Jill Biden toured Rome's Borghese Gallery before she says arrivederci to the Eternal City.

Biden made an unscheduled stop Sunday at the gallery, which has an exhibit of works by British artist Damien Hirst. The museum remained open while she was led on a tour, and some tourists walked around exclaiming "first lady" after realizing who she was.
Biden left after about 40 minutes. Earlier in the day, she and other spouses of world leaders attending the Group of 20 nations summit said their goodbyes over lunch at the Capitoline Museums.

On Monday, the first lady is scheduled to visit a U.S. Defense Department school in Naples, Italy, before she returns to Washington.
U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is giving a mixed verdict on the climate change agreements reached at the Group of 20 summit, saying he hopes for more ambitious commitments to be made at the United Nations climate conference in Glasgow.

G-20 leaders agreed during their two-day meeting in Rome on ending financing for new overseas coal plants but did not set a specific year for achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions. The Group of Seven rich democracies have set 2050 for achieving that goal, while G-20 members China, Russia and Saudi Arabia have set 2060.
"I leave Rome with my hopes unfulfilled, but at least they are not buried," Guterres tweeted. "Onwards to #COP26 in Glasgow to keep the goal of 1.5 degrees alive and to implement promises on finance and adaptation for people & planet."

Guterres told the G-20 that "greater ambition" in reducing greenhouse gas emissions was needed to put the world on a path to hold the global average temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of the century.
The G-20 acknowledged that impacts are "much lower" with 1.5 degrees Celsius but also reiterated the looser goals of the 2015 Paris climate accords, which calls for keeping the increase "well under" 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 F) while "pursuing efforts" to achieve the 1.5 degree limit.

The difference might seem slight, but the U.N.'s scientific committee has underlined that the disruption from climate effects such as rising seas and extreme weather are much less at 1.5 degrees Celsius than at 2 degrees Celsius.
ROME — British Prime Minister Boris Johnson says the key to making a breakthrough on climate change is money for developing nations to green their economies.

He said Group of 20 leaders meeting in Rome had "inched forward" on curbing global warming, but the goal of limiting temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) was in danger of slipping out of reach.

"What's the thing that's going to unlock this? Well the big solvent in so many negotiations is money," Johnson told reporters in Rome before flying to a U.N. climate conference the U.K. is hosting in Glasgow, Scotland.

The British leader said that eliminating coal power was a key to curbing emissions and that the G-20 leaders did not commit as a group to stop using coal domestically.
"What needs to happen is that the countries that really depend on coal(,)...they are going to need help, and they are going to need specific which we in the richer countries help them" with investment and technology."

The G-20 leaders also agreed to work to reach net-zero carbon emissions "by or around mid-century," language vaguer than the firm commitment to 2050 made by the Group of Seven wealthy industrialized nations.

Johnson said just 12 of the G-20 have pledged to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. China, Saudi Arabia and Russia have set 2060 as their goal for reaching carbon neutrality, and India has not set a target date.

Net zero is the level of emissions than can be absorbed by forests, oceans and abatement measures.

"If Glasgow fails, then the whole thing fails," Johnson said.
ROME — British Prime Minister Boris Johnson says the promises made in the landmark Paris climate accord are starting to sound "frankly hollow" six years later.

Johnson struck a grim note Sunday at the end of a Group of 20 summit in Rome, where leaders' commitments to curb climate change, he said, were "drops in a rapidly warming ocean."

"If we don't act now, the Paris agreement will be looked at in the future not as the moment humanity opened its eyes to the problem, but the moment we flinched and turned away," the British leader said.

The 2015 Paris accords seek to keep the rise "well below" 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and to "pursue efforts" to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit).

Britain had hoped for a "G-20 bounce" going into the U.N. climate change conference that started Sunday in Glasgow, Scotland. But Johnson said the group of large economies needed to go much further.
ROME — Premier Mario Draghi says Italy will triple its commitment to climate financing for poor countries to $1.4 billion a year over the next five years.
Draghi made the announcement at the end of the G-20 summit in Rome.

The money is Italy's contribution to the $100 billion annually that rich countries collectively have promised but not yet delivered to help vulnerable developing nations transition to low-carbon energy sources and to adapt to the effects of climate change.
According to the final summit communique, the G-20 reaffirmed past commitments to mobilize $100 billion annually to help poorer countries cope with climate change, and committed to scaling up financing for helping them adapt.

A U.N. report issued last week estimated that it would be several more years before rich nations made good on the commitment.
ROME — Leaders of the world's biggest economies have agreed to end public financing for coal-fired power generation abroad, but set no target for phasing out coal domestically as they wrapped up a two-day summit that laid the groundwork for the U.N. climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland.

According to their final meeting communique, Group of 20 leaders also made a compromise commitment Sunday to reach carbon neutrality "by or around mid-century."
The Group of 20 countries represent more than three-quarters of the world's greenhouse gas emissions. Summit host Italy had been looking for solid targets on how to reduce emissions while helping poor countries deal with the impact of rising temperatures.

Without those targets, momentum could be lost for the larger annual talks that officially opened Sunday in Glasgow and where countries from around the globe will be represented, including poor ones most vulnerable to rising seas, desertification and other effects.

According to the communique, the G-20 reaffirmed past commitments by rich countries to mobilize $100 billion annually to help poorer countries cope with climate change, and committed to scaling up financing for helping them adapt.
ROME — U.S. President Joe Biden says a new U.S. and European Union trade agreement will crack down on "dirty steel" that produces carbon emissions and also patch up a trans-Atlantic rift over Trump-era steel and aluminum tariffs.

Biden and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said at a joint appearance during the Group of 20 summit that the agreement represented a renewed partnership on economic and environmental matters. The deal would address the excess capacity that can distort the steel market and create a framework for reducing the carbon-intensity of steel and aluminum production that contributes to the warming of the earth.

Biden said that "dirty steel" made in China would be restricted from accessing the American and European markets, though all like-minded economies could participate in the agreement.

"By harnessing our diplomatic and economic power, we can reject the false idea that we can't grow our economy and support American workers while tackling the climate crisis," the president said.

Von der Leyen kept smiling at Biden and calling him "dear Joe" as they discussed the deal, an apparent sign that the U.S. president had made progress in repairing relations with Europe after the partnership suffered during the Trump years.

The agreement was first announced Saturday in Rome by U.S. national security adviser Jake Sullivan, U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai and U.S. Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo. They said the Article 232 tariffs, as they are known, would not be removed entirely but that some quantity of European steel and aluminum will be allowed to enter the U.S. tariff-free.

In return for Europe dropping its retaliatory tariffs, the U.S. would also ensure "that all steel entering the U.S. via Europe is produced entirely in Europe," Raimondo said.
ROME — French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson have met privately to try to resolve an escalating dispute over fishing in the English Channel, but the two countries appeared farther apart afterward and gave starkly differing versions of the meeting's outcome.

The post-Brexit spat over the granting of licenses to fish in Britain's coastal waters threatens to escalate within days into a damaging French blockade of British boats.
After the 30-minute meeting between Macron and Johnson on the fringes of a Group of 20 summit in Rome, a French top official said both leaders agreed Sunday there was a need to talk to each other "in a situation of important tensions." He said measures need to be taken "as soon as possible" to get to a de-escalation.

Britain, however, denied the leaders had agreed to take steps to de-escalate the spat, saying it was entirely up to France to calm the waters.

The U.K. government said in a statement that during the meeting, Johnson "reiterated his deep concern" over France's rhetoric and "expressed his hope that the French government would de-escalate."

Britain's exit from the economic rules of the 27-nation bloc at the start of this year means the U.K. now controls who fishes in its waters. Britain says it has granted 98% of applications from EU vessels, and now the dispute comes down to just a few dozen French boats with insufficient paperwork.

France claims some vessels have been denied permits to fish in waters where they have long sailed. French Minister for European Affairs Clement Beaune on Sunday accused Britain of "targeting" France in a "political choice" and said Britain had breached the Brexit deal agreed by both sides.
ROME — President Joe Biden has told Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan that their countries must better manage disagreements after the partnership between NATO allies was tested by Turkey's threat to no longer recognize the U.S. envoy and its purchase of a Russian missile defense system.

Biden and Erdogan met for nearly an hour of closed-door talks while the two leaders were in Rome for the Group of 20 summit. Turkey's role as a NATO ally has come under sharp scrutiny in recent weeks.

During Sunday's meeting, Biden reaffirmed Turkey's importance as a NATO ally as well as its defense partnership with the U.S., but raised with Erdogan concerns Turkey's possession of the Russian S-400 missile system, the White House said in a statement afterward.

The Turkish president has said he's open to buying a second Russian missile system even though Turkey was kicked out of a U.S. program to buy F-35 combat planes and defense officials were sanctioned after it bought the Russian-made S-400 system. The U.S. strongly objects to the use of Russian systems within the NATO alliance and says it poses a threat to the F-35s.

Erdogan's office said in a statement that the meeting with Biden was held in a "positive atmosphere" in which the leaders expressed the "joint will to further strengthen and improve Turkey-U.S. relations and agreed to establish a common mechanism accordingly."

The statement also said there was "satisfaction with the mutual steps taken on climate change."
ROME — Prince Charles has urged world leaders to heed the "despairing voices" of young people who will bear the brunt of climate change.

The heir to the British throne said a United Nations climate summit that opens Sunday in Glasgow, Scotland, "literally is the last-chance saloon" for the Earth.
Charles told Group of 20 leaders meeting in Rome that they have an "overwhelming responsibility to generations yet unborn."

"It is impossible not to hear the despairing voices of young people who see you as the stewards of the planet, holding the viability of their future in your hands," he said.
Charles, a longtime champion of environmentalism, said he was "at last sensing a change in attitudes and the build-up of positive momentum" on climate change. He said governments must play a leading role, but that the private sector "holds the ultimate key to the solutions we seek."

On Monday, Charles is due to welcome leaders to COP26 in Glasgow. His 95-year-old mother Queen Elizabeth II was due to attend but has been advised to rest by her doctors.
ROME — Leaders of the world's biggest economies are taking in the sights in the Eternal City, visiting Rome's Trevi Fountain before getting back to work hammering out a final statement on climate change.

As the water gurgled behind them, the Group of 20 leaders each tossed a coin into the enormous Baroque-style fountain that has been the backdrop of many a film, most famously Fellini's "La Dolce Vita."

Legend has it that if you throw a coin into the fountain, you'll return to Rome. Not all members of the G-20 participated in the Sunday coin toss; notably absent was U.S. President Joe Biden.

The fountain, which draws its source from Rome's ancient aqueducts, went through various phases of design before its current version was inaugurated in the mid-1700s. It depicts Neptune, the god of the sea, taming the waters. Built into a wall of the Palazzo Poli behind it, the fountain draws its name from its location at the confluence of three streets, or "tre vie," in Rome's historic center.

The coins are regularly scooped out of the travertine basin of the fountain and given to charity.

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